Free ‘Holiday Celebration’ concert kicks off Shreveport Symphony Orchestra’s 2020-21 season (Shreveport Times, 12/18/20)

2020 Centenary Choir and Shreveport Symphony Christmas Program (KTBS 3, 12/18/20)

Shreveport Symphony Pops Special takes on a life of its own this holiday season (KTBS 3, 12/16/20)

Boulder Phil swapped planes for a Steinway with its new virtual season, recorded at local hangar (Daily Camera, 10/16/20)

Shreveport Symphony Orchestra takes music into Caddo, Bossier neighborhoods (Shreveport Times, 10/15/20)

Boulder Phil’s opening concert in spirit of reimagined season (, 10/14/20)

National Symphony Orchestra Performs John Ireland’s ‘Epic March,’ conducted by Michael Butterman (Broadway World, 6/1/20) | video

New Normal Drive-In Theater kicks off Friday, May 29th in downtown Shreveport (KSLA, 5/29/20)
At The New Normal Drive-In Theater (May 29-31), the SSO’s Michael Butterman will lead what we believe is the first-ever ‘car horn symphony’ in the U.S., along with some smartphone symphonies. | press release

Shreveport Symphony to entertain patrons through virtual programs during pandemic (KTBS, 4/8/20)

A trip back to the 1920’s with the Shreveport Symphony (KTBS, 2/28/20)

Shreveport Symphony Orchestra features Grambling Dance Company (KTAL/KMSS, 2/26/20)

Party like it’s the roaring ’20s (318 Forum Magazine, 2/26/20)

Shreveport Symphony, Grambling’s Orchesis Dance Co. present a harmonious collaboration (Shreveport Times, 2/26/20)

Zuill Bailey and Boulder Phil will perform ‘unbelievably successful’ new piece: Michael Daugherty’s new score was inspired by works of Ernest Hemingway (Boulder Weekly, 2/20/20)

Visual, musical spectaculars to create captivating sensory experience in SSO’s concert on Saturday (Shreveport Times, 1/29/20)

Anderson and Roe Piano Duo amaze with whirlwind scales (CU Independent, 1/27/20)

Boulder Phil’s ‘Mozart and More’ features Anderson & Roe Piano Duo (Boulder Weekly, 1/23/20)

Holiday spirit and songs to soar high at SSO’s Broadway-style concert (Shreveport Times, 12/19/19)

The Shreveport Symphony presents Mozart this weekend (KTBS, 11/15/19)

Shreveport Symphony Orchestra presents Mozart and Schubert (KTAL/KMSS, 11/13/19)

Radiohead composer’s suite on program with Mozart, Schubert in SSO concert (Shreveport Times, 11/13/19)

Boulder Phil guest pianist/composer López-Gavilán elicits cheers and applause: Butterman flavors an intriguing program with fiery expression (, 11/4/19)

‘Bamboozling’ piece anchors Boulder Phil concert: Cuban composer Aldo López-Gavilán performs his ‘Emporium’ (Boulder Weekly, 10/31/19)

Jazz, Broadway, and classical music with the Shreveport Symphony (KTBS, 10/24/19)

Shreveport Symphony Orchestra’s tribute to George Gershwin includes ‘Porgy and Bess,’ ‘Rhapsody in Blue’ (Shreveport Times, 10/23/19)

Unexpected and unfamiliar: Boulder Phil opens with music by Rock & Roll Hall of Famers (Boulder Weekly, 10/10/19)

“Gritty/Pretty” will feature soloist Elizabeth Sadilek-Labenski (CU Independent, 10/9/19)

Opening night for the Shreveport Symphony (KTBS, 9/20/19)

Shreveport Symphony set to open 2019-20 season with All-Tchaikovsky Spectacular (KTAL/KMSS, 9/18/19)

Shreveport Symphony Orchestra’s 2019-2020 season celebrates ‘home’ (Shreveport Times, 9/11/19)

Shreveport Symphony extends contract of Michael Butterman through 2022-23 (Shreveport Times, 8/22/19)

Aldo López-Gavilán will bring his “Emporium” to Boulder, Colorado next November (, 6/29/19)

Red River Radio to broadcast Shreveport Symphony’s performance of Bach’s St. Matthew Passion – April 19 at noon CT (Red River Radio, 4/17/19)

Shreveport Symphony presents J.S. Bach’s St. Matthew Passion (KTBS 3, 4/12/19)

Shreveport Symphony Orchestra presents musical, dramatic Palm Sunday concert (Shreveport Times, 4/10/19)

Boulder Phil unveils new season, new motto, new logos (, 4/7/19)

Shreveport Symphony Orchestra plays Jennifer Higdon’s new concerto (KTBS 3, 3/15/19)

Boulder Philharmonic pairs ‘complementary’ composers Beethoven and Elgar (Boulder Weekly, 2/28/19)

Celebrated guest conductors will lead orchestra in 2019-20 (, 2/27/19)

Soprano Mary Wilson sings songs about childhood with Boulder Phil (, 2/7/19)

Symphony concert highlights classical composers Mozart, Bach and Glass (Shreveport Times, 1/30/19)

With 80 to choose from, Garrick Ohlsson will play only one in Boulder: Rachmaninoff First Concerto shares Boulder Phil concert with other Russian works (Boulder Weekly, 1/17/19)

Two-time Tony Award-winning star hits Shreveport stage for holiday concert (Shreveport Times, 12/5/18)

KTBS interview: Michael Butterman and pianist Mei Li (KTBS, 11/16/18)

Red River Radio Spotlight: Shreveport Symphony and pianist Mei Li (Red River Radio, 11/16/18)

Wideman Gold Medalist, SSO team up for Beethoven concert (Shreveport Times, 11/14/18)

Violinist Midori comes to Boulder as a concerto soloist and much, much more: Week-long residency includes teaching, master classes and a public lecture (Boulder Weekly, 11/1/18)

‘Mary Poppins’ star to sing her way into Shreveport with the SSO (Shreveport Times, 10/25/18)

Infinite Space: Boulder Phil plays music about stars and astronomers and planets (Boulder Weekly, 10/11/18)

Boulder Phil opens 2018–19 season with music of John Williams (, 9/25/18)

Cellphones, bird calls welcomed at Symphony season opener (Shreveport Times, 9/18/18)

Holocaust survivor Sidney Kent celebrates 90th birthday at Symphony Gala (includes gala photos) (Shreveport Times, 9/13/18)

Star Wars, Beethoven, Broadway featured in new Shreveport Symphony Orchestra season (Shreveport Times, 5/30/18)

Carnegie Hall Presents LINK UP: The Orchestra Sings On 5/22-24 (Broadway World, 5/10/18)

Classical music, rock, free family concert wrap year for Shreveport Symphony Orchestra (Shreveport Times, 5/3/18)

Boulder Philharmonic gives full concert performance of ‘West Side Story’: Sold-out event celebrates Leonard Bernstein centenary (Daily Camera, 4/26/18)

Bernstein at 100 is celebrated by Boulder Phil and colleagues (, 4/20/18)

Boulder Phil sells out West Side Story 10 days in advance: Orchestra ends 60th-anniversary season on a high April 28 (, 4/18/18)

Events to celebrate iconic film compositions, plus a free concert this week (Shreveport Times, 11/8/17)

Boulder Philharmonic’s ‘Music of Resistance’ reflects timeless human spirit (Daily Camera, 10/13/17)

Boulder Philharmonic brings “Music of Resistance” to Macky (SharpsandFlatirons, 10/10/17)

Boulder Phil opens their season with an outstanding soloist, great works (SharpsandFlatirons, 9/25/17)

Takács Quartet and Boulder Phil deliver a classical double-header (Boulder Weekly, 9/21/17)

Pianist Jon Nakamatsu joins Boulder Philharmonic for season opener (Daily Camera, 9/14/17)

Prodigy Aristo Sham to open Shreveport Symphony Orchestra season (Shreveport Times, 9/12/17)

Inside the season: Shreveport Symphony Orchestra (video) (Shreveport Times)

The music of ‘Star Wars,’ The Rolling Stones coming to a Shreveport stage (Shreveport Times, 8/24/17)

Boulder Phil ends remarkable season with a remarkable concert (SharpsandFlatirons, 4/23/17)

Capital Shift (Symphony Magazine, Spring 2017)

Italian program closes Boulder Phil’s ‘Season of Pairings’: CU’s Wetherbee, Spera to premiere new violin-guitar concerto (Daily Camera, 4/14/17)

The Gathering of Orchestras in D.C.: The debut of an ambitious new festival (The New Yorker, 4/10/17)

Unpredictable, never-before-attempted collaborative concert this Saturday (Shreveport Times, 4/6/17)

The Shift Festival: A Reincarnation, with Cherry Blossoms (The New York Times, 3/31/17)

Boulder Philharmonic opens Shift Festival at Kennedy Center (Daily Camera, 3/30/17)

Review: “Nature and Music”: one of Boulder Phil’s best performances (SharpsandFlatirons, 3/26/17)

Boulder Philharmonic, Frequent Flyers to perform at Kennedy Center (Daily Camera, 3/25/17)

The gold standard: Boulder Phil previews its Kennedy Center performance (Boulder Weekly, 3/23/17)

Boulder Philharmonic Orchestra announces 2017-18 concert season (Daily Camera, 3/6/17)

Boulder Phil announces 60th Anniversary season (SharpsandFlatirons, 3/6/17)

WPA and Kennedy Center hope new Shift Festival will enliven orchestral scene (The Washington Post, 2/3/17)

Jennifer Frautschi, Eric Ruske join Boulder Phil in a first (Daily Camera, 1/12/17)

Soloists together onstage at last with the Boulder Philharmonic (Boulder Weekly, 1/12/17)

Plays Well with Others: The Boulder Philharmonic is making big footprints in Boulder and beyond (Boulder Magazine, Winter 2016-Spring 2017)
“Under the poised, confident baton of its music director and conductor Michael Butterman, the Boulder Philharmonic Orchestra has moved out of the financial doldrums and into an era of unprecedented popularity and critical recognition.”

Hip, hip hooray for the gentle ballet (Denver Post editorial, 11/19/16)

Review: Phil, Takacs members give memorable concert (Daily Camera, 11/7/16)
“…One of the highlights of the year in Boulder classical music. The Macky crowd rose instantly for a tremendous ovation…”

Review: Boulder Phil in fine form for Mozart, Beethoven and Adés (, 11/7/2016)

Boulder Phil ventures into classical repertoire (Boulder Weekly, 11/3/16)

Takács’ Edward Dusinberre, Geraldine Walther perform with Boulder Philharmonic (Daily Camera, 10/27/16)

Review: Greg Anderson, Elizabeth Joy Roe dazzle Boulder Philharmonic crowd (Daily Camera, 10/9/16)
‘Gold standard’ piano duo joins orchestra for season opener

Spotlight: Shreveport Symphony Orchestra Opening Night 2016 (Red River Radio, 9/23/16)

Boulder Philharmonic breaks down barriers (Daily Camera, 4/23/16)

Boulder Phil impresses with “Passion” at packed Macky (Daily Camera, 4/24/16)

Colorado classical all-star team brings the Bach (Denver Post, 4/22/16)

Boulder Phil to help produce a ‘masterpiece’ (Boulder Weekly, 4/21/16)

Boulder Philharmonic’s ‘St. Matthew’ more than sum of parts: Five groups come together for one unprecedented performance (Daily Camera, 4/17/16)

Boulder Philharmonic announces 2016-2017 season (Daily Camera, 4/1/16)

Boulder Philharmonic announces 2016-2017 season (Sharps & Flatirons, 4/1/16)

Cirque performers return for shows with Boulder Phil (Daily Camera, 3/28/16)

Michael Butterman interviewed on Studio 6 – Shreveport (KTAL News, 2/26/16)

From classical to cabaret: Who’s hot in Denver right now (Denver Post, 2/26/16)
“The Boulder Phil just gets better and better, riding the wave of popularity that is bringing new audiences to informal community-based classical music.”

Boulder County kids with autism inspire series of sensory-friendly concerts (Daily Camera, 2/14/16)

Star violinist Anne Akiko Meyers joins Boulder Philharmonic (Daily Camera, 2/7/16)

Classical Music: Boulder Philharmonic pairs with Anne Akiko Meyers (Denver Post, 2/5/16)

Vivaldi’s ‘Four Seasons’ To Be Performed In Phoenixville: The Philadelphia area’s “most celebrated classical violinist” is coming to the borough (, 2/5/16)

Boulder Phil offers a variety of public events (Boulder Weekly, 2/4/16)

Red River Radio Spotlight: Music Director Michael Butterman on the SSO concert honoring Virginia Shehee (Red River Radio, 1/22/16)

Hear the symphony made just for Shreveport (Shreveport Times, 1/21/16)

Boulder Phil offers Americana, east and west: “Dance, American Style” features collaboration with Boulder Ballet (, 1/12/16)

Boulder Ballet’s ‘Rodeo’ crowns Philharmonic Orchestra’s all-American program (Daily Camera, 1/10/16)

Boulder Philharmonic receives its first NEA grant (, 12/8/15)
Funds will commission a new work by Stephen Lias celebrating Rocky Mountain National Park

Boulder Philharmonic receives grant from National Endowment for the Arts (Daily Camera, 12/8/15)

Butterman: Less exposure to the arts is a disturbing trend (Shreveport Times, 11/17/15)

Making music at a time of tragedy (, 11/14/15)

A Nature-Themed Boulder Philharmonic Concert Featuring Composer Charles Denler
(Colorado Public Radio, 11/12/15)

Brahms’ destiny, Denler’s melodies and Fielder’s photos at Boulder Phil (, 11/10/15)

Michael Butterman debuts with Philadelphia Orchestra, in costume (, 11/9/15)

Boulder Philharmonic will premiere Charles Denler piece (Daily Camera, 11/8/15)

Review: All dressed up for a Halloween concert ( Inquirer, 11/2/15)

Pennsylvania Philharmonic Coming To Phoenixville: Violin performances from some of history’s greatest classical artists are coming to the borough (Patch, 10/12/15)

RPO’s OrKIDStra starts season with Dr. Seuss (Rochester Democrat & Chronicle, 10/11/15)

Experiencing the power of a full orchestra (Shreveport Times, 9/17/15)

Shreveport Symphony has a very special guest planned for this weekend (KTAL News, 9/16/15)

The narrative of music: Boulder Philharmonic 2015-16 season opens (Boulder Weekly, 9/10/15)

Boulder Philharmonic kicks off season with two soloists (Daily Camera, 9/6/15)

Fall in Colorado classical: Top 10 picks (Denver Post, 9/6/15)

Extending the Reach of Classical Music To Students In Pennsylvania’s Small Towns and Cities (WRTI, 8/17/15)

The Boulder Phil Plans On Bringing Their Hometown To D.C. (KUNC, 5/30/15)

Four orchestras in five acts: SHIFT announces 2017 line-up (The Washington Post, 5/28/15)

Boulder Philharmonic announces performance at Kennedy Center festival in Washington (Colorado Public Radio, 5/28/15)

Boulder Philharmonic Orchestra picked to play new, elite festival (Daily Camera, 5/28/15)

Boulder Philharmonic selected for a brand new festival at the Kennedy Center (, 5/28/15)

Kennedy Center Sets Lineup for New American Orchestras Festival (The New York Times ArtsBeat blog, 5/28/15)

Review: ‘From Star Wars to Harry Potter: Off to the Movies with John Williams’ (, 5/18/15)

PA Philharmonic presents ‘From Star Wars to Harry Potter: Off to the Movies with John Williams’ (The Mercury, 5/13/15)

Video of cellist Zuill Bailey and Michael Butterman on piano, performing Max Bruch’s “Kol Nidrei” at the CPR Performance Studio (Colorado Public Radio, 4/23/15)

Boulder Philharmonic Orchestra closes season with Central European concertos (Daily Camera, 4/20/15)

Legendary concertos wrap up Boulder Phil season (, 4/20/15)

Startups Rising – Pennsylvania Philharmonic featured in article on startup orchestras (Symphony Magazine, Spring 2015)

Boulder Philharmonic announces season of collaborations for 2015-16 (, 3/26/15)

Boulder Philharmonic promises ‘eclectic’ 2015-16 season (Daily Camera, 3/26/15)

Santa Fe Symphony’s Beethoven fest (Santa Fe New Mexican, 3/13/15)

Shreveport Symphony is bringing that warm feeling – Michael Butterman interview (KTAL News, 2/27/15)

Symphony works to inspire next creative class (Shreveport Times, 2/17/15)

Boulder Phil marks Valentine’s with legendary lovers and red violin (, 2/10/15)

Violin virtuoso, Boulder Philharmonic to fill Macky with romance (Daily Camera, 2/8/15)

Shreveport Symphony Orchestra to perform with aerial dance group (Shreveport Times, 2/5/15)

Local Cellist gives a sneak peek (KTAL News, 1/22/15)

Review: With the Boulder Phil, Conrad Tao conquers audience, Beethoven, and Elliott Carter (, 1/18/15)

Back to Beethoven’s days: Conrad Tao will be both soloist and composer Saturday evening (Boulder Weekly, 1/15/15)

Multitalented Conrad Tao takes stage with Boulder Philharmonic (Daily Camera, 1/11/15)

Live on CPR Classical Jan. 17: Boulder Philharmonic featuring Conrad Tao (Colorado Public Radio, 1/6/15)

New Pennsylvania Philharmonic paints a performance as colorful as Disney’s Fantasia at Easton’s State (The Morning Call, 1/5/15)

Film opens doors to classical music (Shreveport Times, 12/11/14)

SSO music director extends contract to 2017-18 season (Shreveport Times, 11/11/14)

Review: New Pennsylvania Philharmonic is excellent in Lehigh Valley debut (Allentown Morning Call, 11/8/14)

A New Orchestra Brings Classical Music to Small PA Towns & Cities
(WRTI Radio, 10/27/14)

Grant awarded to Boulder Philharmonic, and other news of interest in Boulder – Both Boulder Phil and conductor Michael Butterman are making news (, 10/24/14)

The Birth of an Orchestra (WRTI Radio, 10/20/14)

This orchestra is going into business (The Philadelphia Inquirer, 10/19/14)

Shreveport Symphony Orchestra to host Movie Masterpieces (KTAL TV, 10/17/14)

New orchestra aims to reach the musically underserved (LancasterOnline, 10/12/14)

Strauss’ ‘Last Songs’ cap diverse Boulder Philharmonic program (Daily Camera, 10/5/14)

Violins a plenty at Shreveport Symphony opening (Shreveport Times, 9/17/14)

Review: Boulder Phil’s season of ‘legends’ opens strongly (, 9/14/14)

Boulder Phil launches ‘Legends’ season with a bang (Boulder Weekly, 9/11/14)

Boulder Phil, new concertmaster kick off season on a Sunday again (Daily Camera, 9/6/14)

Shreveport Symphony’s Music Director Michael Butterman and Executive Director Lois Robinson were featured on The Best of Times Radio on September 6 discussing the upcoming season. Listen to the full interview

On Aug. 25, KGNU’s Ron Nadel, host of A Classic Monday, and Boulder Phil’s Music Director Michael Butterman discussed the upcoming 2014-15 season and sampled many of the program selections. Listen to the full interview

Symphony orchestra back from the pits (Shreveport Times, 8/10/14)

Shreveport symphony’s impact felt in classrooms (Shreveport Times, 8/10/14)

Review: Phil’s Michael Butterman warmly received by Colorado Music Festival audience (Daily Camera, 6/30/14)

Colorado Music Festival’s season opener spotlights Boulder stars (Daily Camera, 6/28/14)

Boulder Philharmonic’s Michael Butterman leads opening night at Colorado Music Festival (Colorado Public Radio, 6/26/14)

Shreveport Symphony Orchestra signs new contract (KTAL, 6/24/14)

KSLA News 12 Guest Editorial: June 23rd-Shreveport Symphony Orchestra (KSLA, 6/23/14)

Michael Butterman interviewed on KTBS TV (KTBS, 5/2/14)

Simone Dinnerstein with the Shreveport Symphony Orchestra (Red River Radio Spotlight, 5/2/14)

Michael Butterman: Famed pianist to appear with symphony (Shreveport Times, 4/30/14)

Review: Refined Natural Sounds with the Boulder Philharmonic (The Scen3, 4/29/14)

Mandolinist closes Boulder Phil season with own concerto (Daily Camera, 4/20/14)

Review: The final CSO music director candidate gives a solid performance – Michael Butterman, Charleston Symphony Triumph (Charleston City Paper, 4/4/14)

Michael Butterman: Symphony scheduling is a well-prepared recipe (Shreveport Times, 4/2/14)

CSO presents final music director candidate in Masterworks performance (The Post and Courier, 3/30/14)

Boulder Philharmonic’s new season to trumpet ‘Legends’ (Daily Camera, 3/22/14)

Return to Boulder promises to be special for pianist (Daily Camera, 3/14/14)

New concertmaster Charles Wetherbee bridges Boulder Phil, CU: Wetherbee to have ‘profound influence’ on future sound of orchestra (Daily Camera, 3/11/14)

RPO taking on Lemony Snicket mystery (Rochester Democrat & Chronicle, 3/9/14)

Colorado Music Festival announces ‘transitional’ summer lineup (Daily Camera, 2/23/14)
“The first guest conductor, though not a candidate, is perhaps the most exciting for Boulder audiences. Boulder Philharmonic music director Michael Butterman will take the Chautauqua Auditorium stage June 29 in an extremely rare cross-collaboration between the city’s two largest classical music organizations.”

Boulder Phil’s ‘Night at the Oscars’ celebrates 10 years of BIFF (Daily Camera, 2/15/14)

Who says classical music isn’t passionate? Rachel Barton Pine to perform in Boulder on Saturday, Jan. 11 (Boulder Weekly, 1/9/14)

Boulder Philharmonic and Rachel Barton Pine take on Berg’s violin concerto (Denver Post, 1/8/14)

Will something ‘spooky’ happen during Boulder Philharmonic performance? (Daily Camera, 1/5/14)

Boulder Philharmonic has sky-high hopes for collaboration (Daily Camera, 10/26/13)

Symphony to debut Moonbot’s ‘The Numberlys’ (Shreveport Times, 10/24/13)

Inspired by the earth: Boulder Phil kicks off season with geologic symphony (Boulder Weekly, 9/5/13)

Boulder Philharmonic feels rock solid about geology tie (Daily Camera, 8/30/13)

Cleveland Orchestra Family Concert — a chat with guest conductor Michael Butterman (, 5/7/13)

“This poem is about Michael Butterman, the conductor of the Jacksonville Symphony Orchestra during their performance of Franz Liszt’s Les Préludes on April 19, 2013. I was very inspired by the theme of the evening, which also featured Angela Brown singing A Woman’s Life by Richard Danielpour, which was inspired by poetry by Maya Angelou. During Les Préludes the words just started coming to me, inspired definitely by the music, but also by the conductor. I used the prompt for Day 18 of NaPoWriMo (National Poetry Writing Month) to get my poem started, which was to begin and end a poem with the same word.” Read the full poem

Boulder Phil finale a celebration of nordic nature (Daily Camera, 4/20/13)

From the conductor: Jacksonville Symphony presents 7 poems by Maya Angelou, set to music (Times-Union/, 4/16/13)

Boulder Philharmonic plans nature-themed season Butterman’s eighth season at helm will feature six concerts (Daily Camera, 3/22/13)

Poetry and music combine – Boulder Philharmonic taps Maya Angelou’s writing for performance (Boulder Weekly, 2/21/13)

Boulder Philharmonic to stage ambitious collaboration (Daily Camera, 2/17/13)

In the end, it’s always about the music (Daily Camera, 1/26/13)
“Butterman guided everyone through Bruckner’s Fourth with mastery and extreme sensitivity to the composer’s intentions.”

Violinist Sarah Chang is back where it all started (Boulder Weekly, 1/10/13)

Superstar Sarah Chang returns to place she got her start (Daily Camera, 1/5/13)

Symphony to have live score for ‘Lessmore’ (Shreveport Times, 10/15/12)

Charleston Symphony Orchestra narrows down Music Director search (Michael Butterman in the list of final six candidates) (Charleston City Paper, 10/10/12)

Boulder Phil welcomes renowned trumpeter (Daily Camera, 9/30/12)

Angular music: Boulder Phil and Takács jam a lot into concert season finale (Boulder Weekly, 4/19/12)

Boulder’s Takács, Philharmonic join forces in season finale (Daily Camera, 4/12/12)

Boulder Phil features percussionist, beat box artist: Focus on rhythm (Daily Camera, 3/18/12)

Boulder Philharmonic shows off the best of musical innovation (Denver Post, 2/25/12)

Boulder Philharmonic Orchestra reaches out in ways that befit its unique hometown (Denver Post, 2/24/12)

Award-winning pianist joins Boulder Phil for French-American program (Daily Camera, 1/8/12)

Boulder Philharmonic extends Maestro Butterman’s contract (Denver Post, 8/21/11)